Evidence of learning

Direct & Indirect Evidence

What data do you need? Gather direct and indirect evidence of learning QUICK LOOK:
  • Direct evidence is tangible, observable, and self-explanatory. Collect multiple lines of direct evidence of student learning for each PLO being assessed.
  • Indirect evidence adds contextual information about student learning, but alone is insufficient for outcomes assessment.  

The types of evidence used in learning outcomes assessment are characterized as direct or indirect.

Gather Data

How will you know that students learned? Gather evidence of student learning QUICK LOOK:
  • We can’t see learning, because it's a process.