Performance indicators

Direct & Indirect Evidence

What data do you need? Gather direct and indirect evidence of learning QUICK LOOK:
  • Direct evidence is tangible, observable, and self-explanatory. Collect multiple lines of direct evidence of student learning for each PLO being assessed.
  • Indirect evidence adds contextual information about student learning, but alone is insufficient for outcomes assessment.  

The types of evidence used in learning outcomes assessment are characterized as direct or indirect.